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The oldest Russian journal "Morskoy Sbornik" was established in March
the distant 1848 the highest decree of Emperor Nicholas I. This
unique printed edition says its current chief
Editor Reserve Captain 1st Rank Viktor Ostapenko.

Journal, preceded by the publication of "Notes hydrographic
Management ", which became the prototype of the magazine. The first issue of "Morskoy Sbornik" was published 27 (15) in March 1848. The idea of the need to
create a log first expressed an outstanding Russian explorer,
one of the discoverers of the New Earth, Admiral FP Litke. It was he
He convinced the Emperor that sailors need to own periodical
edition, on pages where they can read about everything concerning
development and the state of the world fleet and of the Russian fleet, scientific
practical articles, thus enhancing professional knowledge and
exchange views on naval matters. The magazine, along with
honored admirals published and no known lieutenants, and
warrant. Magazine once loved the Navy, one could not only find in it
a lot of useful and interesting for myself, but also, if necessary,
to express their thoughts, sometimes, by the way, very daring for the time.

    With much love refers to the "Morskoy Sbornik" and its "godfather"
Emperor Nicholas I. It was he abolished all censorship for the magazine, saying:
"Let the officers of the Russian navy themselves censors!" Before 1917
year, "Morskoy Sbornik" was the only printed edition in Russia,
officially not subject to any censorship. However, the sailors enjoyed
that the royal privilege very carefully. Traditionally, the "Sea
a collection of "never engaged in politics, paying attention only to issues
directly related to the Navy.

    A major role in shaping the direction of the magazine in the 50-70-ies of the XIX
Century played the then chief of the Naval Department Grand Duke Constantine
Nikolaevich. Period Grand Duke of fleet management - the heyday
"Morskoy Sbornik." Taking advantage of the proximity to the Emperor Constantine
Nikolaevich, are reasonably liberal views, brought
"Morskoy Sbornik" from the general censorship, making it the most democratic
magazine at the time. It was in the pages of "Morskoy Sbornik"
We published the first article on pedagogy and the democratization of society, boldly
They discussed the development of the country, art and literature. While
magazine ceased to be purely maritime and become a truly all-Russian. Circulation
it was a few thousand, which was a record for that time.
Printed in "Morskoy Sbornik" is honored outstanding thinkers
country, statesmen and literary critics.

    The significance of "Morskoy Sbornik" for the moral education of Russians
Much has been written at the time Herzen and Nikolai Nekrasov Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin and T.
Shevchenko, Turgenev, and NA Dob, K. Ushinsky. It is no coincidence, since then
Russia had two of the most influential and widely read magazine -
"Contemporary" and "Morskoy Sbornik." Materials "Morskoy Sbornik" sometimes
It was very sharp. Within a few years the magazine Navy
Fleet has evolved from a purely departmental publications in the national,
defined the ethical and moral vector opinion
Russia.

Among the subscribers of "Morskoy Sbornik" we find the names of Chancellor A.
Gorchakov, General M. Dragomirov, Academician Ivan Sechenov, writers L.
Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and other best representatives of our homeland.
It is the "Morskoy Sbornik" in the 60-ies of the XIX century, first in Russia started
publish on its pages articles on education issues.
Then, it was new and unusual. Academician Pirogov wrote for the magazine
an article on the problems of education, "Questions of Life", which caused violent
public reaction and a lively discussion throughout Russia.

Rooms "Morskoy Sbornik" became a rarity More
before the publication. Individual articles published at the request of the public in
brochures, copied by hand. If a person did not follow the publications
in "Morskoy Sbornik" and could not keep the conversation on this subject in society
he was considered an ignoramus. It is highly appreciated, "Morskoy Sbornik" N.
Chernyshevsky, who, even after being in exile, has always subscribed to this magazine
and she called him "one of the most remarkable phenomena of our literature."

    "Morskoy Sbornik" knew and appreciated almost all heads
state. It is known that each new issue of "Marine
collection "always appears on the desktop of the Russian emperors
Nicholas I to Nicholas II. Regular readers of the magazine were leaders
Soviet state. It is known that each new issue of "Marine
a collection of "mandatory viewed Stalin and Leonid Brezhnev.
You could say that, "Morskoy Sbornik" was always interesting rukovoditelyam-
statists.

    Among the editors of the magazine were the famous round the world
navigators - brothers Ivan and Nicholas Green, a graduate of Admiral P.
R. Skalovsky Nakhimov, the hero of Sinop and the first defense of Sevastopol B.
Mel'nitskii, the famous explorer V. Kupriyanov, associate Admiral A.
Kolchak hero of the Russian-Japanese war portarturets K. Zhitkov, fighting officers
World Egorov and S. Lukashevich known naval commanders Great
Patriotic Alafuzov Admirals V. Yu Panteleev, AI Eliseev, Hero
The Soviet Union, the legendary submarine, the commander of the Guards submarine
Boat C-56 Vice-Admiral G. Shchedrin known postwar submarine
nuclear and missile fleet Rear Admiral V. Dygalo, Pushkin, G. Agafonov.
Behind each of them thousands of miles of hiking, the command
connections and associations.

    Leafs through a magazine, and the shadows come to life in front of you ancestors. They are like living,
They want to share something very important - that, in their opinion, be sure to
We need to know their descendants. Here is an article signed very succinctly:
Midshipman Makarov. Take a number, dated a few years later, and
We find an article signed by a lieutenant Makarov. Several Yet
years, and a new signature: captain Makarov. A few dozen
rooms, and again a familiar name - Vice-Admiral Makarov. But the obituary
the tragic death of the famous naval commander of the battleship "Petropavlovsk" in
Port Arthur ... The whole life of the famous explorer and naval commander is reflected in
Room "Morskoy Sbornik".

    Here's an article about polar expeditions then-Lieutenant Alexander Kolchak, here -
Captain 2nd Rank NV Essen (in the future, too, the famous domestic
naval commander), but - the newly appointed commander of the cruiser's man-of-war's man N.
Kuznetsova, who later was to become legendary Commissar
Navy.
    Correspondents "Morskoy Sbornik" participated in all without exception
Marine wars that Russia waged since the Crimean War 1853-1856
gg. - Battle of Sinop and the bastions of Sevastopol, Port Arthur and Tsushima,
The First World, the Civil and the Great Patriotic. Surprisingly, for
all this time none of the correspondents of the magazine was killed. Tragedy
It occurred at seemingly the most ground war - during combat
in Chechnya in December 1999. Then, on a trip to the sea side
infantry drove editor of combat training captain A. Loskutov.
It was the second trip to the North Caucasus officer. After two
the day Alexander died ... A military officer and a feat Alexander Loskutov -
one more heroic page in the history of the magazine.

    The amazing feature of the "Morskoy Sbornik" - is the urge to
works of naval officers. That there are, for example, diaries round the world
swimming on the cruiser "Vladimir Monomakh" his commander and future
the famous admiral F. Dubasov. They can be called without exaggeration
a masterpiece of fiction. Even ordinary commanders report on voyages in those
years, regularly published in the magazine, and today amaze
artistry. One gets the impression that the officers even competed
in the sophistication of literary style and imagery to describe what he saw.

Significant contribution to the magazine and to the national culture and science. In the magazine
published scientific works of world famous academician E. Lenz, L.
Davydov, Alexander Alexandrov, a great surgeon N. Pirogov (he wrote not only
medicine, but also on issues of pedagogy!), outstanding shipbuilders C.
Drzewiecki and I. Bubnov, Academician Krylov created by nuclear-powered ships and I.
Spassky, chemists D. Mendeleev and I. Cheltsov, inventor of radio Popov,
outstanding Hydrographic and Oceanographic Shokalsky Yu and F. Wrangel,
Historians Golovachev V. and E. Arens. We are honored to collaborate with the magazine
K. Ushinsky teacher, physicist Boris Jacobi polar O. Schmidt. It is in the "Marine
collection "got a ticket to the life of the famous novel by Ivan Goncharov" Fregat
"Pallada" and the equally well-known at the time the novel D. Grigorovich "Ship
"Retvizan." It was here the first time published a simple hiking blogs
sailor, thereby defying caste prejudices.

"Morskoy Sbornik" - it is also a special page of Russian art
marinistiki. Already in the first issue of the magazine contained an article "Russian
sailors and poets. " And probably not in Russia any form
marine writer whose work bypassed attention to the magazine. B. Lavrenev
Black-and Abramovich, Sobolev and Novikov-Surf, Vladimir Kopecky and C.
Sausage, V. Pikul, Y. Pakhomov (nasal) and V. Shigin - these are just some of the
names, first sounded precisely on the pages of "Morskoy Sbornik."

    History brought us a truly amazing story of how the magazine
truest sense saved caught in the plight of seafarers. In 1854
the frigate "Diana" being off the coast of Japan was in the midst of terrible
earthquake. As a result, serious damage the ship sank and the team
He disembarked. Japanese while his fleet had and help us in any way
could not. Then our seamen decided to build improvised
small boat and on it to reach the Russian coast. Fortunately, among the
the saved property turned out to be the number of "Morskoy Sbornik" for 1849 in
which it published an article about the yacht chief commander of Kronstadt
the port with all the dimensions, calculations and load distribution
detailed drawings. These drawings and built a small
schooner, named "Heda" in honor of the bay, where our sailors. On
"Hede" sailors reached Petropavlovsk-on-Kamchatka. Subsequently, "Heda"
It was donated by the Japanese government in gratitude for the help
and it is considered the "grandfather" of the whole Japanese fleet. Layout "Kheda" today
It takes pride of place in the museum of the sea of Japan.

    During the heyday of the Soviet Navy (60-80 years of the twentieth century)
Editorial simultaneously released two versions of the log - normal and
secret, closed on questions of tactics and weapons of the Navy. This, too,
It characterizes the "Morskoy Sbornik" as a magazine that is not only read, but also
magazine, in which learning to fight and win. It should be noted, and the fact that
Today on the bibliography and other perspectives
"Morskoy Sbornik" protected by three master's theses and prepare more
two. And it is also a kind of record.

    Single story - a story nomerovz release "Morskoy Sbornik."
Documented know that when ravaged by war and revolution
Petrograd there were no funds for the publication of the magazine, VI Lenin personally
I wrote a decree on the allocation of "Morskoy Sbornik" 18 thousand rubles
gold sum in those days enormous.

    When, after the Civil War, much of naval officers
was in emigration, where appeared at least a few sailors, immediately
also launches its "Morskoy Sbornik." Magazines produced in
Prague, Paris, San Francisco and Shanghai. The most famous room
bizertinskogo "Morskoy Sbornik", which is printed directly on the stands in
Bizertinskoy bay submarine "Seal". No wonder at that time
emigration running joke that if somewhere come together at least three
sailor, one of them immediately begins to be "Morskoy Sbornik."

    During the Great Patriotic War Room "Morskoy Sbornik"
prepared in besieged Leningrad. Print circulation opportunities are not there
was, so each month one of the editorial staff delivered proofs
Journal of the Road of Life across Lake Ladoga to the mainland ... and there was no case
to the magazine at least once did not come out in time. In winter, the galleys were taken on ice
road, and in the summer with a convenient opportunity for water. What it takes, know only those who can
I survived. Dying of hunger in besieged Leningrad, the staff on a monthly basis
publishes a magazine. Yes, otherwise it could not be, because the "Morskoy Sbornik" also
fought with the help of the sailors learned to destroy the enemy.

    In the difficult 1990s, "Morskoy Sbornik", as the whole country experienced
not the best of times, sharing with your readers and all the fleet
misfortunes that befell power. Not just once or twice in a frenzy of reform
reductions occurred proposed closing, merging or privatizing
"Morskoy Sbornik", but the magazine survived. Survive thanks primarily
patriotism and unyielding position of the High Command of the Navy, which,
despite all the attempts to abolish the magazine will do everything to keep this
priceless relic native fleet. Today work magazine those together
stood with him in the difficult 1990s, those who remained faithful to the "sea
collection. " Among them, the deputy editor of Captain 1st Rank S.
Lukashov, a famous writer-seascape captain V. Shigin employees
Journal S. Komarov, I. Marchenko I. Chefonov V. Aldakushkin, Lyutkus R., S.
Balakin, S. Nosov, V. Kozlov, L. Smurygin, Gundarova E., N. bad,
Librarian E. Koshkin. All fleets and the Caspian Flotilla
Leningrad naval base running its own correspondent. Among them
such enthusiasts of the business, as the captain N. Litkovets Captain 2nd Rank
Yakovlev, S. Lieutenant-Colonel Petrovic, T. Employee Zhadnova.

    "Morskoy Sbornik" - a recognized patriarch of not only domestic, but also
world press. What is the secret of longevity, "Morskoy Sbornik"?
Purely domestic devotion Navy and
love in return for his magazine many generations of Russian sailors. Not for nothing
one of the fleet so it is said about this old magazines:

On battleships and corvettes,
In any Russian harbor
He was always welcome, this
The magazine cover in blue.
Inquisitive mind searchlights,
Naval battles blogs:
In it on the voyages round the world
Do not just read the sailors.
We reread again
Overcoming fierce squall
Pages collection of sea -
Our trusty logbook!

    Without the "Morskoy Sbornik" is impossible to study the history of the domestic fleet,
because in it it is concentrated the chronology of the life of our fleet Month
month, day by day. Without the "Morskoy Sbornik" unimaginable
history of the Russian Navy. To understand this, it is sufficient to look through the old
Binder magazine. It seems that even this little trip into the depths
history of the country will not leave anyone indifferent. When flipping items
"Morskoy Sbornik" century and a half ago, you know that the journal above
momentary bustle, it is eternal as eternal Russian fleet, and therefore not very
It needs a casual reader: each of its rooms waiting just for those for
whom it is intended.
    Today, "Morskoy Sbornik" - the official magazine of the Military
Navy of the Russian Federation, but it is not just a magazine, what today
lot. "Morskoy Sbornik" - a slice of Russian history together in
it twists and turns himself over the past fifty years and more. "Nautical
Collection "- a chronicle of our fleet, which covers all aspects of his life.
    Experts believe that at this moment in the world there is no
a periodical that would over 165 years never
interrupted his release at least a month, except for the "Marine
collection. " No wonder the Russian sailors say that our fleet in the XXI century
There are two real relic - a cruiser "Aurora" and the legendary magazine
"Morskoy Sbornik"